The success of the first two prototypes of the EMB 100, built by the team of the then CTA (Technical Aeronautics Center) under the leadership of Ozires Silva, gave the engineers the challenge of mass production and commercialization of the aircraft. As such, the Federal Government officially created Embraer on August 19, 1969.
The company began operations on January 2, 1970, and while the two Bandeirante prototypes accumulated flight hours, the team of designers produced a third unit. During production, new studies found that market conditions had changed. Eight seats would no longer be sufficient to meet the demands of regional airlines.
Embraer then decided to redesign the project, creating the EMB 110 Bandeirante. This was a larger aircraft – with 12 seats in the military version – and more technologically advanced than the first units.
Serial production of the EMB 110 began in 1971. That same year, the aircraft was certified by the CTA. On August 9, 1972, the first serially-produced Bandeirante took flight. Ten days later, the aircraft was presented to the public during a ceremony held at Embraer.
On February 9, 1973, the first EMB 110 Bandeirante was delivered to the Brazilian Air Force (FAB). On April 11, the first Bandeirante was delivered to a commercial airline, Transbrasil, for an order that had been made only three months earlier. The Bandeirante’s first commercial flight occurred on April 16, 1973, where the aircraft served cities in the south of Brazil.The plane was well accepted by the public and the operating companies. It was lightweight and cost-effective, meeting the demands of the regional aviation market. It also performed well during the first oil crisis in 1973, when there was a significant rise in fuel prices, burdening the operation of jet aircraft. The Bandeirante, proving to be much more economical than its competitors, became even more competitive.
The Bandeirante production line was closed at the end of 1991, the last aircraft, SN 498, being delivered to the Government of Amazonas in 1995. In total, 498 units were manufactured, 253 for Brazil and 245 for other countries.
EMB 110 – initial production model for military transport with twelve seats. Equipped with 680HP Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-27 engines and redesigned nets, completely housing the collapsed landing gear.
EMB 110B – military aerial photogrammetry version, equipped with Zeiss cameras and capacity for up to five passengers / operators.
EMB 110B1 – special version of the EMB 110B, a quick conversion alternative for transport of up to fourteen passengers. Two units built, one for the Uruguayan Air Force and one civilian.
EMB 110BI – special aerial photography version, with seating for nine passengers.
EMB 110C – civil transport version with seating options for twelve, fifteen or sixteen passengers, specially developed for regional air transport. Five units were provided to the Uruguayan Air Force.
EMB 110C (N) – special version of the EMB 110C with anti-icing devices supplied to the Chilean Navy.
EMB 110E – executive transport version of the EMB 110C with the option of six or eight seats, featuring reclining seats, folding tables, stereo, air conditioning and full commissioner.
EMB 110E (J) – version of the EMB 110E with special equipment.
EMB 110K1 – military transport version, with capacity for 1,650kg. Equipped with Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-34 750HP engines, drift ventral, a fuselage length of 14.60m, rear cargo door and an extra passenger and crew door.
EMB 110P – civil transport version of the EMB 110K1 with eighteen seats. Equipped with Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-27 or PT6A-34 engines.
EMB 110P1 – rapid passenger / load conversion model of the EMB 110P.
EMB 110P2 – fast passenger / cargo conversion model of the EMB 110P with up to 21 seats, without loading door and with a maximum weight of 5,670kg.
EMB 110P1 (K) – passenger / cargo quick conversion version of the EMB 110K1 with similar payload.
EMB 110P1SAR – SAR version of the EMB-110P1 (K) with accommodations for six stretchers and a maximum weight of 6,000kg.
EMB 110P1A – civil version, with sub-variants EMB 110P2A, 110P1A / 41 and 110P2A / 41 equal to P1, but with dihedral horizontal stabilizers of 10°, better sound insulation and other alterations.
EMB 11OS1 – geophysical survey version to perform remote sensing work, derived from the EMB 110C with larger volume internal wing tanks, drift magnetometer rod, two equipment operators and Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-34 750HP engines.
Information above from Embraer