Many companies are developing electric powered ultralight aircraft engines, because in many cases the power of the aircraft is secondary. Most of these types of planes can glide considerable distances without using engines at all.
Ultralight Aircraft Engine Advantage
Because electric engines are much smaller than piston engines, an electric motor in an ultralight aircraft engine offers the best advantage simply due to its size. Electric engines are smaller, and contain no reciprocating parts. These smaller engines provide between one and five hours flying time, and some reach a cruising speed of up to 52 knots.
Electric Power vs. Liquid Fuels
In order for an aircraft to fly, whether powered by a traditional or ultralight aircraft engine, the propeller must produce enough thrust and acceleration to reach lift-off speed and cruising altitude. The fuel used is of secondary importance. However, electric engines require heavy battery storage during flight, and this can create a weight issue in ultralight aircraft. In addition, recharging takes considerably longer than refueling. Some electric engines take more than 100 hours to recharge, while refueling takes mere minutes. There are experiments being conducted on solar or voltaic cells on very lightweight aircraft, but they are far from being market-ready.
Hybrid Electric Engines
Some ultralight aircraft engine manufacturers have developed electric hybrids that use both electric and fuel to power the engine. Fuel consumption in these ultralight aircraft is much lower since the engine runs with a constantly low output. Recharging occurs during the cruising phase and the battery provides increased power during take-off and climb.
There have been considerable improvements in electric powered ultralight aircraft engines, but the use of this type of engine remains limited to small, glider-type aircraft. Because larger aircraft have higher energy requirements, today’s electric engines are not suitable to power them as well as liquid fueled engines. Among the world’s leading maintenance, repair and overhaul facilities, Covington Aircraft specializes in PT6A turbine, R-985 and R-1340 radial engines and accessories. Follow us on Twitter and LinkedIn to join the conversation about electric ultralight aircraft engines.